Cooper Square Committee (CSC) is the longest running community-based, anti-displacement organization in the United States. Founded in 1959 to oppose a “slum clearance plan” for their neighborhood, the organization developed an Alternative Plan for Cooper Square (hyper link?), premised on the idea that urban renewal should benefit, not displace, local residents. During the 1960s and 1970s the CSC steadfastly promoted their vision of community salvation while resisting City plans and policies. In the 1980s, the CSC played a key role in neighborhood-wide efforts to reclaim vacant buildings, control real estate speculation, kick out drug dealers and prevent residential displacement. The CSC remains a vital force today, organizing tenants with housing problems, promoting local arts organizations, developing affordable housing and managing the only community land trust in New York City.